arunachal pradesh culture

It received Union Territory status from 20 January 1972. We provide you with the information on various aspects of the great Indian culture and its diversity. Snowy misty, famous monasteries, unexplored passes, and tranquil lakes come together to form some of the prettiest mountain spots in Arunachal Pradesh. There is devoid of any spice and is nutritious due to the generous use of herbs and vegetables. Food forms an essential part of the culture of North Indian people, and of course, Arunachal Pradesh has this same culture too. 4.0 01 … In different festivals of tribes and sub-tribes, you will find a beautiful touch of artistic skills of these people. Arunachal Pradesh is an ancient land of legend and antiquity. Rice is prepared in two ways called Dung Po and Kholam. Wild birds and animals were a big part of their diet but Modern restrictions on hunting have made that non-existent. This is the Department of Research of Arunachal Pradesh, developed with an objective to enable a single window access to information and services being provided by the department. Amazing colourful festivals dominate the lifestyle and culture of Arunachal Pradesh. Among these, Namdapha National Park, Eglanest Wildlife Sanctuary, Dying Ering Wildlife Sanctuary, etc. However in the eastern part of the state, it is the Mishmi language which is widely spoken. It has the shape of a skull. This is reflected in the distinct clothing styles. People of Arunachal Pradesh celebrates almost all religious, agricultural and socio-cultural occasions. Fish is consumed only occasionally due to its scarce availability. Thukpa is a signature dish of the state and is a delicious noodle soup prepared with a variety of meats and vegetables. There is a practice of sacrificing animals on the occasion of most festivals. Some of the important festivals of the state include the Mopin and Solung celebrated by the Addis, Losar, the festival of Monpa people; Dari of the diaspora, Si-doniyi of the tagins; Reh of the Idu-Mishmi community; Nissum of Nishing people, etc. IFCSAP In 1999, The Indigenous Faith and Cultural Society of Arunachal Pradesh (IFCSAP) was born and registered under the Societies Registration Act to act as central statutory body to promote, preserve and patronize the Indigenous Faith and Culture of Arunachal Pradesh, under the Presidentship of Dr. Tai Nyori, and Late Mokar Riba was its first General Secratary. These tribes are peace-loving and enjoy festivals and food together. We keep on adding new and unique content which make users visit back over and over again. Arunachal Pradesh attained full state status on 20 February 1987. A typical dish of Arunachal Pradesh varies with region and according to the tribal influence. Here people speak over 50 dialects and most of these come under the Tibeto-Burman language structure. Its god-fearing people celebrate numerous festivals round the year, together with their own set of rituals, music and dance. Among them is the traditional drink of Arunachal Pradesh which is made of millet and is famous as ‘Apong; This drink can also be made out of rice. Music also forms an integral part of their life and songs are sung to rejoice over their folk history, mythology and events from their past. The other tribes are basically followers of ancient beliefs with animal worship being quite prominent amongst them. The literacy rate is 65.38%. The main languages ​​of the state are Hindi and Assamese. Agriculture is the basic means of livelihood in Arunachal, the festivals having a connection with agriculture are most celebrated. The culture of Arunachal Pradesh is truly varied in the sense that the state has 26 major tribes including sub-tribes. The section conducts research on folk life and culture of the people. Km: Each tourist circuit is distinctive in character with different ethnic culture, topography and vegetation . This portion of the country is reputed for its rich cultural background, which comprises numerous regional festivals, people belonging to different religions, various kinds of dances and people. Tangkha painting is popular in Tawang, west kameng and Upper Siang districts. Parashurama had atoned for his sins here, Rishi Vyas worshiped here, King Bhishmak established his kingdom here and Lord Krishna married Rukmini. Since agriculture is the mainstay here so people generally celebrate festivals as a mark of thanksgiving to the Almighty for giving them a good harvest. The diverse and unique culture, art and crafts, fairs and festivals, folklore, dance, and music are still fresh and well-preserved in this state. The state of Arunachal Pradesh has a lot of Buddhist temples locally referred to as the 'Gompas'. They use fiber from goats, trees and human hair to create coats, shawls, skirts, sashes, and lungis. That means if you plan a trip to this spot, you will also take your tastebuds to an adventure. Over it, they wear a full-sleeved jacket, which is embroidered and tie a waistcloth known as mushaiks. Copyright © 2014-2020 Arunachal Pradesh is inhabited by the world’s largest variety of ethnic tribal groups and subgroups. There are about twenty-six major tribes and each tribe has its own language, dialects, and own rich culture and traditional heritage. These festivals also showcase the artistic skills of the various tribes. Arunachal Pradesh is not only known for being a legend in beauty, but it also has tastiest dishes to its fame. The major tribes of Arunachal are: Adi, Galo, Aka, Apatani, Nyishi, Tagins, Bori, and Bokar etc. The third group comprises of Octes and Wanchos tribal communities of the Tirap district. The Tawang Monastery of 1681 A.D. is the largest and most celebrated Buddhist monastery of the State. But the most common is called ngama-shom. She had a passion for writing about India's lifestyle, culture, tradition, travel, and is trying to cover all Indian Cultural aspects of Daily Life. Whatever little is known has been passed down from generation to generation via oral traditions. Arunachal Pradesh is mentioned in Kalki Purana and Mahabharata. The lower wrap-around of adi, and apatani women is known as galae which has colored stripes in it. The shirt worn by them is called the galuk. There are 16 districts in the state. Historically, the area had a close relationship with Tibetan people and Tibetan culture, for example, the sixth Dalai Lama Tsangyang Gyatso was born in Tawang. The dam is likely to come up in Medog county of TAR, close to the State of Arunachal Pradesh, which is also claimed by the Chinese Communist Party … This region then came under the loose control of Tibet and Bhutan, especially in the northern areas. It is made of coarse endi. Culture. Based on the socio-religious affinities, the people of Arunachal Pradesh are classified into three cultural groups. Arunachal Pradesh - Arunachal Pradesh - History: In 1912–13 the British Indian government made agreements with the indigenous peoples of the Himalayas of northeastern India to set up the Balipara frontier tract in the west, the Sadiya frontier tract in the east, and the Abor and Mishmi hills and the Tirap frontier tract in the south. Paintings of the Hindu Gods and altars remained untouched for many years. The state borders Burma / Myanmar in the east, Bhutan in the west, Tibet in the north, Assam in the south and Nagaland in the southeast. An alcoholic drink Apong or rice beer made from fermented rice or millet is a popular beverage in Arunachal Pradesh. There are five main rivers in the area and twenty-six major tribes and about fifty languages. Dance is not only done on festivals and rituals but also done as a recreation. Itanagar derives its name from the Eta Fort which means a fort of bricks, which was built 14 centuries ago. Handloom weaving, basketry, carpentry, ivory and metal crafts, and pottery and blacksmithy are also popular. Festivals in Arunachal are always a time for families to come together to dance, enjoy, relax and eat good food and merry. Objective Questions Answers, General Knowledge, gk on Arunachal Pradesh and its culture. It focuses of the theme of Arunachal Tribal culture. It is tied around the waist with a matching sash, called khichin, and is puffed out above. Arunachal Pradesh can be roughly divided into a set of semi-distinct cultural spheres, on the basis of tribal identity, language, religion and material culture: the Tibetic-speaking Monpa area bordering Bhutan in the west, the Tani area in the centre of the state, the Mishmi area to the east of the Tani area, the Tai/Singpho/Tangsa area bordering Myanmar, and the Naga area to the south, which … Arunachal Pradesh is home to 26 tribes and over a 100 sub-tribes and their culture greatly influences the food of the region. The first general elections were held in February 1978. India has about 20 areas where you can spot the Red Pandas and these places try and aim to conserve and protect the Red Panda population. and 600 A.D. Chicken, mutton, pork, and Mithun are consumed throughout the state. are important. Arunachal Pradesh is famous for weaving, bamboo work, carpet making, and wood carving and their artistic craftsmanship has been passed on from one generation to another. But many of us still remain unaware about this state and its facts. Its hallmark is the skull-caps smeared with the hair of yak. Major tribes include Adis, Apatanis, Daflas, Monpas, Mishmis, Wangchu, Noktey, Akas, Nishis and Sherdukpens. It is headed by the Deputy Director (Culture). Arunachal’s cultural lifestyle is dominated by colourful festivals. The archaeological remains at Bhishmak Nagar, the pilgrimage site at Brahmakund in Lohit and the ruins of Bhalnkpang fort in Kameng relate back to Puranic legend. Broadly speaking there are three cultural groups; first being Monpas and Sherdukpen of Tawang and West Kameng districts who are followers of the tradition of Mahayana Buddhism. You can learn and practice to improve your General Knowledge on Arunachal Pradesh to improve your performance in various Exams like PSC, SSC, Bank and Govt Exams. It is one of the largest states of the northeast region of India and has a one-eighth landmass of our country. Till 1972 it was known as North-East Frontier Agency (NEFA). There are more than 26 major tribes and more than 100 sub-tribe, therefore, by default Hindi is the medium of communication between each individual. It has no brim but has five tapering points of about three inches in length twisted out from the body of the material to the thickness of a finger. The regions of Tirap, Upper & West Siang, Lohit and Tawang have population that indulge in artistic wood carvings. Women of the Monpa beautify themselves with earrings, silver rings, bamboo-bits, red beads and attractive turquoises they wear a warm jacket and Shingka which is a sleeveless gown of light red color with white stripes. They love fermented soybeans, fermented meat and fish, bamboo shoots, phoi hom (indigenous scented spice leaves) and pickles. Several characters, such as king Bhismaka, were referred to as people from the region in the Mahabharata epic. The culture of Arunachal Pradesh is truly varied in the sense that the state has 26 major tribes including sub-tribes. Basically yellow and red in color. Harvest time is full of celebrations for all tribes where they sing and dance and offer prayers to their various deities. Wood Carving is a Tradition with the Monpas of Arunachal Pradesh. Arunachal Pradesh is the home to a large number of tribes and sub-tribes. The most popular dance form in Arunachal Pradesh are Wanko Dance, Mishmi Classical Dance, Degaru Mishmi (Bagaiya) Dance, Khampati Dance, Fifi Dance (Drama), Ponong Dance (Addis) and Sadinukiso (Akas) and are accompanied by chorus songs. The art and craft of Arunachal Pradesh reflects varied culture and traditions co-existing in the state. With staples like rice, meat, fish and bamboo shoots, the cuisine is … The Menfolk of Sherdukpen tribe which resides in the southern region of Bomdila wears sleeveless material made of silk with 2 edges that are pinned property at the shoulder area. The Buddhist including Monpas, Sherdukpen, Aka, Bugun et al make beautiful masks, carpets and painted wooden vessels. Digaru, Idu and Miju are considered as endangered languages under the Mishmi language. Arunachal Pradesh is inhabited by the world’s largest variety of ethnic tribal groups and subgroups. The traditional women dresses of Arunachal Pradesh have vibrant colors and myriad patterns that instantly give a feel of their tribe culture. The rest part of the state, bordering Myanmar was ruled by  Ahom rulers and the Assamese until the annexation of India by the British in 1858. In Arunachal Pradesh, you will find a true variety of culture and heritage. All Rights Reserved. The dance forms also vary with the tribe. They are the only species of the Ailurus genus and the Ailuridae family which are above. Being essentially a tribal state, there are many tribes and each have their own set of traditions and customs. In the west and the north, people speak the Bodic language which is sub-divided into two languages namely - Dakpa and Tshangla. The West Kameng and Tawang district are mainly inhabited by the Tibetan influenced Monpa and Sherdukpen tribe. Itanagar, the state capital, is in the district of Papum Para. It has a rich tradition of craftsmenship, which manifests itself in various arts and crafts produced by these tribes. Immense potential is stored in the cultures of Arunachal Pradesh to promote tourism. The culture of Arunachal Pradesh can be best expressed as comprising the following: ORIGIN AND ETHINICITY. Arunachal Pradesh is well known for its ancient culture. In the state are living a total of approximately 1.4 million people, about 35% of the population are immigrants from Bangladesh, Chakma, Assam and Nagaland. Major tribes include Adis, Apatanis, Daflas, Monpas, Mishmis, Wangchu, Noktey, Akas, Nishis and Sherdukpens. Lettuce is the most preferred vegetable of all. Arunachal Pradesh, meaning “Land of the Rising Sun,” long has been a recognized region of the Indian subcontinent, receiving mention in such ancient Hindu literature as the Kalika-purana and the epic poems Mahabharata and Ramayana. Recent excavation of ruins of Hindu temples such as 14th Malinithan at the foot of the Siang hills in West Silang shed new light on the ancient history of Arunachal Pradesh. etc. While most of them are ethnically similar, they have different origins of their clothing. Arunachal Pradesh’s terrain consists of deep valleys flanked by highland plateaus and ridges that rise to the peaks of the Great Himalayas [3]. Each tribe has its own distinct clothing styles depending on the geographical region to which they belong and what they have derived the most style of clothing from their ancestors. Rice is the dominant staple food and is generally garnished with vegetarian and non-vegetarian delights of different kinds. Apa Tani, priest’s shawl there are genuine spirals, some of which are actually curved. Every tribe has their own unique set of traditions and customs. Languages like Nyishi, Apatani, Bokar, Galo, Tagin, Adi which are widely spoken in Arunachal fall under the Tani dialect (a type of Tibeto-Burman language). Culture of Arunachal Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh, the Land of Rising Sun, is much celebrated for its natural beauty, but very few people know that this Indian state has a great cultural background too. Every tribe has their own unique set of traditions and customs. The culture of Arunachal Pradesh is truly varied in the sense that the state has 26 major tribes including sub-tribes. The place offers you peace and action where you can relax and rejuvenate. The wildlife sanctuaries of Arunachal Pradesh make tourism quite prosperous. Unexplored Arunachal Tour Package: Tawang Special. Rice is such an integral part of their culture that their Mopin festival of the Galo tribe is celebrated with smearing rice on people’s faces. For basic live hood people in the rural areas chiefly practice diverse trade including Jhum and Wet rice cultivation, horticulture, fish farming, carpet making, wood carving, breeding of Mithun, Yak, Sheep, and other livestock. The origins of the tribes that are currently living in Arunachal Pradesh remain shrouded in mystery. In Lohit district it is the Khampti and the Singpho tribe. Tribes & … One can find a plethora of bamboo and cane handicrafts along with wood carving and carpet weaving by different inhabiting tribes. Arunachal Pradesh, a veritable treasure house of lofty mountain ranges, tall trees, turbulent rivers, evergreen forests together with picturesque flora and fauna are certainly fascinating and bewitching to any casual visitor. Except for the north-western parts of the state, little is known about the history of Arunachal Pradesh, although the Adi tribe had legendary knowledge of the history. It is a place called Prabhu Parvat described in Puranas. Simmi Kamboj is the Founder and Administrator of Ritiriwaz, your one-stop guide to Indian Culture and Tradition. … Arunachal Pradesh is a beautiful tourist location that has stunning beauties of nature, fascinating culture and some mouth-watering cuisine. Every tribe has their own unique set of traditions and customs. Arunachal Pradesh is a land of diversity and people here love their traditional costumes and are proud to showcase them on festivals. Re-Tender for Wet Lease of one Dauphin or similar capacity Helicopter by Govt of Arunachal Pradesh(Closing/opening date- on 17/12/2020) 2020-11-17 10:07:29 2020/10/16 In terms of linguistic diversity, the state has a unique position in Asia. km. Curry leaves are a must-have ingredient in every dish, so is bamboo shoot in Arunachal Pradesh. All these tribes live in secluded and isolated grooves, which are separated by mountain ridges and rivers, deep valleys and dense forests. The dishes typical of the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh vary within the region, including according to tribal influence (with the influence of Apatanis, Chuki, adi and Nishi) Apong or rice beer made from fermented rice or millet is a popular beverage in Arunachal Pradesh, as … With so many tribes and sunb-tribes, the state can be called the storehouse of handloom designs as each tribe has its own unique design and style. Various variety of beaded ornaments and jewelry can be found in the area while traditional ornaments of cast, bronze, and silver can also be found. English is slowly becoming popular. The name Arunachal comes from – ‘Arun’ means sun and ‘achal’ means to rise. Arunachal Pradesh has a population of 1,382,611 and an area of 83,743 sq. 35% of India’s graphite reserves are present in Arunachal Pradesh, this is the highest amount of graphite ever discovered. Culture. The inaccessible landscape of Arunachal Pradesh has brought about a thriving culture of different peoples with individual traditions. This article lists the top festivals celebrated in the state of Arunachal Pradesh. Enjoy the salubrious climate and meet its simple and hospitable people. All these four major tribes are followers of two different sects of Buddhism (Mahayana Hinayana). On 15 August 1975, the elected Legislative Assembly was formed and the first Council of Ministers took over. Itanagar is the capital of the state. The Mishmi priests indulge in igo dance, Adis, Wanchos and Noctes in a war dance, Buddhists in ritualistic dances. It is made of yak’s hair, hardly an inch in thickness. Arunachal Pradesh population is composed of various indigenous tribes who speak different languages. There are about twenty-six major tribes and each tribe has its own language, dialects, and own rich culture and traditional heritage. The people of Arunachal Pradesh are hardy, courageous, self-reliant and fiercely independent and are lovers of music and dance, with each tribe having its own arts and crafts. There is a huge Buddhist Vihara in the state of Tawang. This shawl with an extraordinary design is said to have special supernatural power. Arunachal Pradesh is a north-eastern state of India also known as “Land of the rising sun” or “Land of the Dawn-Lit Mountains“. To experience the cultural festivals of the state, one should visit Ziro district which is very popular for festivities. The warm jacket worn over is a lavishly embroidered full sleeve maroon color shirt with an opening in the front. It is lifted and girdled round the waist by a red-colored sash called khichin. © 2014-15, Arunachal Tourism, All rights reserved. The clothing styles have been uninfluenced in Arunachal Pradesh by modernization and still, the tribal people wear their costumes. is your one stop guide to the Indian Culture and Traditions. The first ancestor of the tribal groups migrated from Tibet and was joined by Thai-Burmese counterparts later. Most of the tribes inhabiting the land are ethnically similar, having derived from originally common stock but their geographical isolation from each other has brought amongst them certain distinctive characteristics in language, dress, and customs. Another notable heritage site, the 400-year-old Tawang monastery in the Tawang district, also provides historical evidence of the Buddhist tribal people. Major tourist places of Arunachal Pradesh are Tawang, Parshuram Kund, Buddhist temple, Bhishknagar fort, Bomdila, Itanagar, Galaxy Waterfall, Dirag, Tipi, Malinithan, Likabali, Namdka, Parasuramkund, Pishigat, Along, Tezu, Miao, rowing, Daporijo, Namdapha, Bhishmaknagar, Parashuram Kund and Khonsa. Sherdukpen women dress up in sleeveless and collarless garments. Image Source Red Pandas are cute, aren’t they? The major tribes of Arunachal are: Adi, Galo, Aka, Apatani, Nyishi, Tagins, Bori, and Bokar etc. They attracted many local pilgrims. The Apatani priests may wear special shawl on ceremonial occasions. The major tribes of Arunachal are: Adi, Galo, Aka, Apatani, Nyishi, Tagins, Bori, and Bokar etc. One of the best things you can find in Arunachal Pradesh is a red panda. Recorded history was available only in the Ahom chronicles during the seventeenth century, The tribal Monpa and Sherdukpen parts of this area when it came under the control of Monpa kingdom of Monyl, which flourished between 500 B.C. Carpet making is done in Changlang and upper siand areas. Superb 24 Ratings. Different types of headgears are used by both men and women.

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